MongoDB is Object-Oriented, simple, dynamic and scalable NoSQL database. It is based on the NoSQL document store model, in which data objects are stored as separate documents inside a collection instead of storing the data into columns and rows of a traditional relational database. The motivation of the MongoDB language is to implement a data store that provides high performance, high availability, and automatic scaling. MongoDB is extremely simple to install and implement. The core of MongoDB storage is documents and its stored as JSON or BSON objects. General distributions for MongoDB support Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, and Solaris
Terminology and Concepts
|Joining||Linking & Embedding|
|Partition||Sharding (Range Partition)|
Choice of database is always a decision based pros and cons.
- Document oriented
- High performance
- High availability -Replication
- High scalability – Sharding
- Dynamic- No Rigid Schema.
- Flexible – field addition/deletion have less or no impact on the application
- Heterogeneous Data
- No Joins
- Data Representation in JSON or BSON
- Geospatial support
- Easy Integration with BigData Hadoop
- Document-based query language that’s nearly as powerful as SQL
- Cloud distributions such as AWS, Microsoft, RedHat,dotCloud and SoftLayer etc:-. In fact, MongoDB is built for the cloud. Its native scale-out architecture, enabled by ‘sharding,’ aligns well with the horizontal scaling and agility afforded by cloud computing.
- A downside of NoSQL is that most solutions are not as strong in ACID (Atomic, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) as in the more well-established RDBMS systems.
- Complex transaction
- No function or Stored Procedure exists where you can bind the logic
- Ecommerce product catalog
- Blogs and Content Management
- Real-time analytics and high-speed logging, caching and high scalability
- Configuration Management
- Maintain location based data – Geospatial data
- Mobile and Social networking sites
- Evolving data requirements
- Loosely coupled objectives – the design may change by over time
Not good for:
- Highly transactional system and data model is designed upfront
- Tightly coupled systems